Introduction 

  The West China Subalpine Botanical Garden of China is affiliated with the Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences. It is located in Longchi,30 km northwest of Dujiangyan City.,Sichuan Province, in a transitional area between the West Sichuan Plain and the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The Garden site lies at lat.30°44´N,long.103°27´E,and 1400-3200m latitude, with diverse landscapes of mountins,rivers,lakes,marshes, wetlands and screes.The climate has annual mean temperature of 8.5-10.9°C, extreme maximum temperature of 28°C, extreme minimum temperature of -12°C, annual precipitation of 1800 mm and mean relative humidity of 87%. Native vascular plants amount to 2000 species, and all the vegetation types of the Hengduan Mountains are represented in this area. Some locally concentrated plant groups ,such as rhododendrons, mosses and ferns form the ready basis for construction of specialized gardens.

     The Garden was jointly founded by the Institute of Botany of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Dujiangyan City of Sichuan Province in 1986. It now occupies an area of over 100 ha, and has 8 regular staff members, including 3 senior and 3 junior researchers and technicians. Because of its special geographical position and successful construction policy, it has attracted great interests among botanists and horticulturists form home and abroad. 

     The Garden has a living collection of over 600 plant taxa, many of which are rare or endangered in the wild ahd have been propagated here. The Rhododendron Garden occupies a land area of 40 Ha, conserving a collection of 40000 plants of over 140 species of the genus. In addition, there are 3 natural communities of Rhododendron at different altitudes, with a total area of more than 60 ha. The Rhododendron Garden and natural communities, together over 100 ha, form in area the largest base devoted to this group of plants by a single research insitution in China. Other specialized gardens being constructed include the Rare and Endangered Plants Garden, the Dove Tree (Davidia involucrata) Garden, the primrose Garden, the Moss and Fern Garden and the Gymnosperms Garden. Special areas for biodiversity conservation research and for ecological monitoring and research will be constructed at 2000-3200 m altitudes. 

     In addition to its function as a botanical garden, it also has the character of a nature reservoir. It will develop into a new-type botanical garden with the rich and unique floristic elements of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and the Hengduan Mountains contained in its natural setting and planted gardens.

Add: West China Subalpine Botanical Garden, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dujiangyan City, Chengdu, Sichuan 611830, China

Tel:(86-28)7283653; (86-10)62591431-6555

Fax:(86-10)62590833  

Director: Ping Zhuang, Xianming Gao

E-mail: xmgao@ns.ibcas.ac.cn

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E-mailxmgao@ns.ibcas.ac.cn Tel(86-10)62591431-6555